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Nicholas S. Favazzo, Educational Technology MA Program student at Florida Gulf Coast University.

January 16, 2014

HOT OBJECTIVES: Taking it to the next level.

Module 1 Objectives:

  • Readers will understand the purpose of basic objectives.
  • Readers will understand the structure of basic objectives.
  • Readers will understand two domains of basic objectives.
  • Readers will apply limitations of short term memory to objectives.
  • Readers will construct basic cognitive and psychomotor objectives.

Module 1: Purpose and structure of objectives

A. Who:
Objectives are created for students by instructors.

B. What:
Objectives are the purpose of any instruction. In the end, objectives define what you want students to achieve.

C. When:
Objectives should be created before the instructional materials are produced and revised as needed.

D. Where:
Objectives should precede and follow instructional materials as an outline and review, as well as be included within the curriculum.

E. Why:
Objectives guide the production of instructional material and allow the ‘meat and potatoes’ to be focused upon. The human mind has a relatively limited (7 +/- 2) short term capacity without using techniques such as chunking. Accordingly, each instructional section (typically referred to as a module) should be limited to 7 +/- 2 objectives. Extraneous, distracting material should be removed and placed into a separate module if deemed necessary. Sometimes, during design and development of learning objects, new important topics are recognized. These should be added as additional objectives in the appropriate module. Objectives within a scaffolded curriculum also allow educators to evaluate the progress of the student to determine if they are ready for advancement or need remediation.

F. How:
At the most basic level, objectives are divided into cognitive and psychomotor domains with standard formatting. Objectives of the cognitive domain (knowledge) have traditionally started with, “Students will understand…”. Objectives of the psychomotor domain (procedures) have traditionally started with, “Students will be able to…”

Module 1 Review:
1. What do objectives define?
2. What is the main reason for objectives?
3. What is the maximum number of objectives for any module?
4. How should basic cognitive objectives be formatted?
5. How should basic psychomotor objectives be formatted?

Module 1 Activity:
Create basic cognitive and psychomotor objectives for an EMS provider using a BVM device on an apneic patient. Note: This process should reveal the supplies, equipment, and activities necessary for instruction, which will be noted later on the curriculum.

Review of Module 1 Objectives:

  • You should understand the purpose of basic objectives.
  • You should understand the structure of basic objectives.
  • You should understand two domains of basic objectives.
  • You should have applied limitations of short term memory to objectives.
  • You should have constructed basic cognitive and psychomotor objectives.

When you’re finished, move on to module 2.

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